Since March 2001, the halls of the Palazzo Ducale of Tricarico (ducal palace) have housed a significant collection of archaeological finds that testify to the important role as a strategic point in the road system, played by the Medio Basento area since the Archaic period. Rocco Scotellaro, was a famous poet to whom a documentation centre, set up in the former monumental complex of St. Francis of Assisi, is dedica- ted. In his homeland, strong and evocative evidence to the prolonged Arab presence can be found in the Saracena and Rabatana districts, intricate networks of city walls, terraced gardens, and towers.