The “Dino Adamesteanu” National Archaeological Museum 

The National Archaeological Museum in Potenza, inaugurated in May 2005, was named after Dinu Adamesteanu, the Romanian archaeologist and undisputed father of archaeology in Basilicata. The desire to create a network of museums in Basilicata, in those places principally marked by the presence of Lucanian history and archaeology, was mainly due to him.
The two floors of the museum house a true archaeological anthology of Basilicata: an adventure of peoples, both Hellenic and non-Hellenic (and then indigenous and Roman) which can be seen in the display cabinets, in the reconstructions of buildings and tombs, and in the descriptions on the panels that guide the tours of the museum. Following a chronological plan, the museum guides the visitor through its halls among archaeological records gathered from the countless excavation campaigns that have been organised throughout Basilicata.
It is an anthology of epic events and common people, of kings and princesses, of materials that were brought from afar (such as the amber from the Baltic and bronzes from the Etruscan world) and objects created by the hands of local craftsmen.
The pre-colonisation phase, the indigenous presence of Oenotrians, Daunians and Peuketiantes, then the Greek colonisation, the presence of the Lucanians, and lastly Romanisation are the fundamental stages through which the history of Basilicata is presented at the Dinu Adamasteanu Museum. The spectacle fibulas that the women used to adorn their clothes, the armillas (bracelets) and gold and bronze pendants, and the warriors’ swords discovered in pit graves in the huge necropolises portray the Choni-Oenotrians who lived along the Ionic coast (Santa Maria d’Anglona – the ancient Greek Pandosia) between the 5th and 8th centuries BC.
The settlement at Incoronata di Pisticci (in Matera) has also produced remains from the first phase of Greek colonisation. The oldest decorated ceramics, on which skilled hands painted scenes of heroes and myths borrowed from Greek culture, date back to this period.

Provincial Archaeological Museum  
We are welcomed by a goddess seated on a throne, like a priestess. She must once have held a baby in her hands. Behind her is the temple, which was probably dedicated to her.
This is the Temple of Garaguso, named after the location in which it was discovered and where it was kept from 400-470 BC.
This is the symbol of the Provincial Archaeological Museum in Potenza, which housed all the archaeological remains recovered in the provincial capital before the opening of the National Museum.
The acroterion, an architectural feature placed at the apex of the roof, was unearthed in Serra di Vaglio and can be dated to the 4th century BC.
It represents the Medusa, daughter of Phorcys and Keto, the only mortal among the Gorgons, who turned whoever looked at her into stone. She had serpents in her hair as a sign of punishment from Athena for having met Poseidon in front of her temple. Medusa was killed by Perseus, who managed to cut off her head with a knife and a magic shield given to him by Athena. Myth has it that Medusa’s blood, which was spilt on the couches laid on the beach where Perseus rested, produced coral.