The gateway to the Regional Park of Gallipoli Cognato and the Piccole Dolomiti Lucane (Little Lucanian Dolomites), Calciano is located on a hill among oak forests. In the small town, among the religious buildings, we find the Mother Church of San Giovanni Battista adorned with works of art such as a triptych signed by Bartolomeo da Pistoia and dated 1503 and a wooden statue representing the Virgin and dating back to the fourteenth century. Near the village we can see the ruins of Calciano Vecchia, the ancient nucleus of medieval origins of the settlement then called “Caucium”, and “Paese di Pede”. Among them a fortification, called castle or fortress, the walls of Santa Caterina and the Church della Rocca of Norman origin, with an abbey structure dated to the 13th-14th century and featuring frescoes from the early 16th century.